Bitcoin represents itself a digital currency invented in 2009. Satoshi Nakamoto is the person behind the creation of this cryptocurrency whose identity has not been confirmed yet. The present market cap for bitcoins available for use surpasses $134 billion. It guarantees lower charges for transactions than online payment systems and is controlled by a decentralized authority.
As Bitcoins are digital, they are stored in the cloud, which also contains information about all the transactions. Currencies like USD or EURO are printed and tracked by government, unlike them, new bitcoins are released as a reward to miners for the service they provide and are not tracked by any third parties. Popularity of Bitcoins caused the creation of other cryptocurrencies even though neither Bitcoin nor any other cryptocurrency is legal.
How Bitcoin Works
One of the pioneers in using the peer-to-peer (P2P) technology was Bitcoin. The usage of P2P technology was a huge boost for bitcoin, as it made instant transactions real. Bitcoin network is formed of individuals and companies (known as “bitcoin miners”), who use their computing power and get bitcoins as a reward. The reward of miners consists of transaction fees and new bitcoins, which are released to them at a fixed, but constantly decreasing rate. The reward system is organized in a way to have supply of approximately 21 million bitcoins in the end.
The Concept of Bitcoin Futures
The steadily growing popularity of Bitcoins resulted in the creation of Bitcoin futures. On December 2017, Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), the world’s largest futures exchange, launched its own bitcoin futures contract under the ticker “BTC”, which initiated a new stage in Cryptocurrency market.
Bitcoin futures are an agreement between two parties to buy or sell BTC at a set price and at a future date. If you think that the price will rise, then you buy a contract at a price set lower than the price you think will be in future. When the price rises in future, you can sell the contract and gain profit from the price difference. Everything is quite simple: the concept of Bitcoin futures trading is the same as that of futures trading on other financial assets. Bitcoin futures contracts are extremely useful for people who hold a lot of BTC, since these contracts are a perfect hedging tool.
Bitcoin Futures Trading with IFC Markets
- Bitcoin Futures trading gives you the opportunity to open a “short” (sell) position now and buy it back in the future, if you think that the price will fall. Thus, you can gain profit not only on the price increase, but also on price decrease.
- IFC Markets provides its customers with 1:2 leverage. You can trade bitcoins twice exceeding the funds on your account.
- IFC Markets offers its customers CFDs on Bitcoin futures, which allow traders and investors to invest in the dynamics of the value of the most popular cryptocurrency through liquid futures on the reliable and regulated Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) and trade Bitcoin Futures with 100% trust without going into risky and unclear deals.
- IFC Markets gives the opportunity to trade with a relatively small volume: you can open positions starting from 0.05 Bitcoins.
Mining is the most fundamental process of bitcoin network. All transactions taking place in the network are verified and computed to the public data, which is also known as the block chain. Moreover, as already said it is the only way through which new bitcoins are released. Every individual who has an internet connection and owns fitting hardware can act as a miner. Miners collect data of recent transactions into blocks and then solve the mathematical problem in order to add the block to block chain. The first one to solve the problem gets his block added to block chain. The individual whose block is added gets bitcoins in return of the service provided. Clearly, bitcoin network is beneficial for both miners and the network.
Should 210.000 blocks be produced, bitcoin reward amount gets halved. More detailed explanation is needed to understand the system. Hence, the reward per block was 50 units on years 2009-2013 after it was 25 units per block on 2013-2016 and now is 12.5 units per block and will decrease further. The logic behind the decreasing reward system stands for the network to have supply of 21 million units of Bitcoin.
The difficulty of mathematical problems that miners solve in order to get block added to block chain is rising because of the increasing amount of miners. The difficulty can be altered by the protocol, which revises it every 14 days or 2016 blocks. The purpose of controlling the difficulty is to keep regular block discovery rate. In this way, we understand that difficulty changes with demand.
The increasing competition and difficulty of mining influences the prices of equipment needed to mine. Moreover, miners should have up to date equipment to stay eligible for this process.
Miners’ primary task is to double-check the transactions held previously in bitcoin network. This task is mandatory in solving the “double-spending” problem. Thus, the issue is that a Bitcoin is being spent twice, while the same thing could not happen with actual money. The miners are working in this direction to prevent further issues with this.
As soon as a miner checks bitcoin transactions worth 1 MB, they will have a chance of earning 12.5 BTC. It is important to mention that not all miners who are eligible for reward will eventually get that. The one who checks the data fastest gets the bitcoins.
Just like everything in economics, bitcoin value is rising as well along with the increase in its production costs and demand. As already mentioned, the mining equipment is getting more costly by the time, which surely influences the prices of bitcoin.
Invention of Bitcoin
The name of the real inventor is unknown to us. However, the person who first issued the Bitcoin white paper and collaborated heavily on releasing its software in 2009 introduced himself as Satoshi Nakamoto. Moreover, the first person to sign up in the system and create the first block in block chain was he.
There may be two reasonable arguments for hiding Bitcoin’s creator’s true individual details. The first argument is privacy. Currently, we can see how much attention is drawn upon Bitcoins by people, governments and worldwide media. This, certainly, leads to the increasing interest in the inventor’s identity as well.
The second reason is safety. The main reason, which pushes Bitcoin creator to stay anonymous, is that during the first period of bitcoin there were a few people, who knew about it. There is an opinion that in that period only the creator and people close to him mined bitcoins. In the first year 1,624,500 BTC was produced, and if Satoshi and the people surrounding him were the owners of that quantity, their identity would draw attention of hackers. So, it is logical that people will stay anonymous.
Risks of Investing in Bitcoin
Any investment in crypto network is considered extremely risky because of its price volatility. Many famous economists have already spoken about the high prices of this cryptocurrency and further potential to rise. Huge interest in this field will bring more investors, and eventually prices will increase even more, which will create an economic bubble with high probability of bursting in near future. Bitcoin’s price reached its peak on December 2017, when its value was around $20K and now it is about 8K. This kind of ups and downs are getting normal in the field of cryptocurrencies, which shows us that it would be extremely risky to make an investment here.
Another huge risk of keeping bitcoins is the risk of being hacked. Every owner has his own private and public keys. It is getting more difficult nowadays to keep your private key really private. More and more cases of hacking are being registered by the time and it becomes a huge issue for owners.
Prone to illegal activity
As already mentioned bitcoin is not being tracked by any third-parties. This fact attracts people, who are involved in crimes. Lot of people keep themselves away from bitcoins, because they understand that if bitcoins become common money, the crime rate across the world will increase. In fact, there are many terrorists using bitcoin. Moreover, money laundering can be done via the bitcoin network.